There are a variety of health problems associated with Down syndrome. While some of these conditions are inherited, others cannot. Some children born with Down syndrome may develop problems related to their health, including low fertility and heart disease. While many of these conditions can be treated, they may cause more serious health problems later in life. Listed below are some of the health problems associated with Down syndrome. To learn more, contact your health care provider to learn more.
Heart defects are common in children with Down syndrome, with approximately half of children with Down syndrome having congenital heart defects. These children often require cardiology care, and pediatric cardiologists are trained to diagnose and treat heart problems. Medications may be given to treat heart problems, as well as seizures, hypothyroidism, and childhood leukemia. Certain health problems may also require surgery, such as upper-neck or stomach problems. A variety of therapies may be administered to address physical needs, and can have a positive impact on learning and development.
Prenatal screening tests are performed to look for Down syndrome in the fetus. Prenatal tests measure the levels of certain hormones and proteins in the mother’s blood. If the levels are abnormal, this may indicate a genetic disorder. An ultrasound may be performed at the 15th to 20th week of pregnancy, when blood tests may not detect problems. During the scan, the sonographer may look for any extra skin or fatty deposits behind the baby’s neck.
Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the way cells in the body divide. It is a disorder of cellular division, and occurs when an extra copy of chromosome 21 is attached to another chromosome. Approximately 6,000 babies are born with this condition each year. Today, more than 1,000 people in the United States live with Down syndrome. However, research continues to show that a genetic condition known as translocation is often a major contributing factor.
Some people with Down syndrome experience anxiety disorder. Among the most common symptoms of this disorder is a fear of leaving the house. However, this disorder can be triggered by any number of factors, including a negative experience. This type of anxiety disorder is intense for the person suffering from it. People with Down syndrome often experience sleep problems, which decrease their attention spans and emotional control. This is why chronic sleep problems in a person with Down syndrome should be evaluated by a health care provider.
The age of the mother and the baby when she becomes pregnant are factors that may increase the risk of Down syndrome. While pregnancy is one of the most important aspects of life, there are a variety of potential health issues that can occur. For instance, a baby born with Down syndrome may not be able to fully develop his or her brain, which could lead to a lifelong disability. Additionally, a child born with Down syndrome is at risk for heart problems.